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Main > Specialty Areas > Cardiology >
Hypertension or High Blood Pressure

Hypertension Diagnosis

Most of the hypertension patients are unaware of this problem, because hypertension usually doesn't have acute sudden symptoms. Regular blood pressure checking helps to detect and take control of hypertension. Sphygmomanometer or a blood pressure gauge is an instrument which is used to measure blood pressure and detecting hypertension.

Some factors like pain, stress, anxiety, etc. can cause temporary blood pressure increase. That's why hypertension is not diagnosed on the basis of just one high blood pressure reading. Diagnosis of hypertension is usually made after two or more readings after the first visit.

The following examinations are useful in diagnosing hypertension:

Regular physical health checkup

The physical health checkup including several blood pressure readings at different times and in different positions.

Patient's and/or Family's Medical History

The medical history of patient or close family members help the physician determining any conditions or disorders that might cause the hypertension.

Electrocardiograph (ECG)

An Electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to measure the activity of the heart. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is helpful detecting any enlargement or damage in the heart muscle.


Eyes can be checked with ophthalmoscope for any damage to the blood vessels in the eyes, also the physician can look for thickening, narrowing, or hemorrhages of blood vessels in the eyes.

Chest X-Ray

Physician can detect any enlargement of the heart from chest x-ray which helps to diagnose hypertension.

Blood and Urine Tests

Blood and urine tests may help to indicate health disorders that might cause hypertension.

‹‹ What is Hypertension? Alternative Treatments ››

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Hypertension or High Blood Pressure

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