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Diabetes Treatment: Generally

Diabetes knowledge, treatment, and prevention strategies advance daily. Treatment is aimed at keeping blood glucose near normal levels at all times. Training in self-management is integral to the treatment of diabetes. Treatment must be individualized and must address medical, psychosocial, and lifestyle issues.

  • Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: Lack of insulin production by the pancreas makes type 1 diabetes particularly difficult to control. Treatment requires a strict regimen that typically includes a carefully calculated diet, planned physical activity, home blood glucose testing several times a day, and multiple daily insulin injections.
  • Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes: Treatment typically includes diet control, exercise, home blood glucose testing, and in some cases, oral medication and/or insulin. Approximately 40% of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin injections.
  • The goal in any diabetes treatment is to keep blood glucose and blood pressure levels as close to normal as possible. Chronically high blood glucose levels can damage many parts of the body, including the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the cardiovascular system.

    Useful Tip:
    To contain diabetes, it pays to do the following:

  • Pay attention to your diet - avoid sugar as well as saturated fats in any form.
  • Regular exercise is an important treatment for both types of diabetes.
  • Weight loss can also help to reverse insulin resistance and lower blood glucose if a person is overweight.
  • Gestational diabetes is most commonly treated either with just diet and exercise or with diet, exercise, and insulin. In pregnant women, high blood glucose can cause birth defects in the baby and pregnancy complications in the mother. High blood pressure can also do widespread damage to the body. However, studies have shown that "tight" blood glucose and blood pressure control lowers the risk of complications significantly.

    Blood glucose level can be monitored at home with a blood glucose meter.

    ‹‹ Diabetes Diagnosis Diabetes Treatment: Type 2 ››

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