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Types of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is divided according to the way it occurs or progresses in time and also, according to the peculiarities of the behavior of the person diagnosed. Usually there is a connection between the two.

Psychiatrists generally classify two types of the disease progression: the chronic (or uninterrupted) type and the episodic type.

Doctor Info:
Psychiatrist is a doctor who studies and treats afflictions of the human mind, such as a bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression and many others.

Sufferers of chronic schizophrenia exhibit its symptoms continuously from its onset. Chronic schizophrenics usually suffer from chronic delusions. For example, such a person could suspect that his neighbors steal his stuff or that complete strangers conspire against him. He (or she) could blame an evil influence of paranormal entities or little green men for even the most mundane of his everyday life problems. Another more severe manifestation of chronic schizophrenia is chronic hallucinations, usually auditory in nature. People afflicted can "hear voices," either inside of their heads or coming from outside. The initial shock from such hallucinations can be quite severe, yet sometimes persons afflicted learn to live with the "voices" and regard them somewhat matter-of-factly.

The episodic type of schizophrenia is characterized by separate episodes of psychoses with periods of relatively normal mental state in between (the remission). Sometimes, the remission can last for months and years before an onset of another psychotic episode. However, generally, the symptoms that appear during the onset of a psychosis can be more numerous and severe than the similar symptoms experienced by chronic sufferers.

Schizophrenia is also characterized according to main symptoms: delusions, hallucinations or character and personality aberrations:

  • The catatonic type is characterized by the absences of interests and severe apathy;
  • The paranoid type is diagnosed when delusions and hallucinations are present, but thought disorders and disorganized behavior are not very prevalent;
  • The disorganized type is manifested by the prevalence of thought disorders and disorganized behavior;
  • The residual type is diagnosed when the symptoms are present, but are not very severe;
  • And, finally, the undifferentiated type is diagnosed when there are psychotic symptoms, but none are so marked that one of the above types may be diagnosed.
  • ‹‹ Schizophrenia Causes Schizophrenia Symptoms ››

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